The Payment System (PS) is a set of instruments, procedures and methods related to the settlement of transactions through the transfer of funds that guarantee cash circulation among participants in the banking and financial system, along with other participating organizations.
In Argentina, the payment system is structured through the Electronic Means of Payment (in Spanish, “MEP”) and managed by the BCRA. Monetary policy and call money market transactions are channeled through the MEP.
Financial institutions and other licensed entities hold current accounts with the MEP to make transactions with participants in the system. The MEP is responsible for settling net balances over the operating cycle.
While the BCRA has access to on-line interbank transfers through the MEP, automated clearing houses primarily process checks, transfers, direct debits, and any balance resulting from ATM networks and credit cards. In turn, the operation scheme of ATM networks enables their members to settle the balance of their transactions through low-value automated clearing houses.
Clearing houses settle payments under the MEP system through the current accounts they hold with the BCRA. Thus, participants’ transactions made by via MEP are settled through clearing houses. A bank with a debit balance transfers funds to the accounts of a clearing house which, in turn, transfers them to a bank with a net credit position.
Instruments that may be cleared:
The BCRA is also a party to two regional agreements entered into with other Central Banks, whereby two cross-border payment systems have been developed: ALADI (Latin American Integration ssociation)(See list of institutions authorized to execute the ALADI Agreement) and Local Currency Payment System (in Spanish, “SML”) and Local Currency Payment System (in Spanish, “SML”).